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Introduce Google Chrome

is a web browser released and in large part developed by Google which uses the WebKit layout engine and application framework. It was first released as a beta version for Microsoft Windows on 2 September 2008, and the public stable release was on 11 December 2008. The name is derived from the graphical user interface frame, or "chrome", of web browsers. In May 2009, Chrome was the fourth most widely used browser, with 1.80% of worldwide usage share of web browsers. Development versions of Chrome for Linux and Mac OS X were released in June 2009.  ~info from

Google Chrome featuress

    • Accessibility
    • Keyboard shortcuts
    • Incognito mode (private browsing)
    • New Tab page
    • Address bar

Google Chrome features: Accessibility

Google Chrome supports the Windows Accessibility API (MSAA) to display accessibility information and events for its features and web content. Many of its features and tasks have relevant keyboard shortcuts and navigation. Some important shortcuts include the following:

  • Shift+Alt+T: Set keyboard focus on the Google Chrome toolbar. Use your right and left arrow keys to navigate to different buttons on the toolbar.
  • F6 or Ctrl+L: Highlight the content in the web address area on the address bar.

Google Chrome features: Keyboard shortcuts

Window and tab shortcuts

Ctrl+N Open a new window
Ctrl+T Open a new tab
Ctrl+Shift+N Open a new window in incognito mode
Ctrl+O, then select file Open a file from your computer in Google Chrome
Press Ctrl, and click a link Open link in a new tab in the background while remaining on the current tab
Press Ctrl+Shift, and click a link Open link in a new tab and switch to the newly opened tab
Press Shift, and click a link Open link in a new window
Alt+F4 Close current window
Ctrl+Shift+T Reopen the last tab you've closed. Google Chrome remembers the last 10 tabs you've closed.
Drag link to tab Open link in specified tab
Drag link to space between tabs Open link in a new tab in the specified position on the tab strip
Ctrl+1 through Ctrl+8 Switch to the tab at the specified position number. The number you press represents the position of the tab on the tab strip.
Ctrl+9 Switch to the last tab
Ctrl+Tab or Ctrl+PgDown Switch to the next tab
Ctrl+Shift+Tab or Ctrl+PgUp Switch to the previous tab
Ctrl+W or Ctrl+F4 Close current tab or pop-up
Alt+Home Open your homepage

Address bar shortcuts

Do one of the following actions in the address bar:
Type a search term Perform a search using your default search engine
Type the part of the web address that's between 'www.' and '.com', then press Ctrl+Enter Add www.and .com to your input in the address bar and open the web address
Type a search engine keyword or URL, press Tab, then type a search term Perform a search using the search engine associated with the keyword or the URL. Google Chrome prompts you to press Tab if it recognizes the search engine you're trying to use.
F6 or Ctrl+L or Alt+D Highlight content in the web address area
Type a web address, then press Alt+Enter Open your web address in a new tab

Shortcuts to open Google Chrome features

Ctrl+B Toggle bookmarks bar on and off
Ctrl+Shift+B Open the Bookmark manager
Ctrl+H View the History page
Ctrl+J View the Downloads page
Shift+Escape View the Task manager
Shift+Alt+T Set focus on the toolbar. Use right and left arrows on the keyboard to navigate to different buttons on the toolbar.

Webpage shortcuts

Ctrl+P Print your current page
Ctrl+S Save your current page
F5 Reload current page
Esc Stop the loading of current page
Ctrl+F Open find-in-page box
Click the middle button or mousewheel on the mouse Activate auto-scrolling. As you move your mouse, the page automatically scrolls according to the direction of the mouse.
Ctrl+F5 or Shift+F5 Reload current page, ignoring cached content
Press Alt and click a link Download link
Ctrl+G or F3 Find next match for your input in the find-in-page box
Ctrl+Shift+G or Shift+F3 Find previous match for your input in the find-in-page box
Ctrl+U View source
Drag link to bookmarks bar Bookmark the link
Ctrl+D Bookmark your current webpage
F11 Go full-screen. Press F11 again to exit full-screen.
Ctrl++, or press Ctrl and scroll mousewheel up Enlarge everything on the page
Ctrl+-, or oress Ctrl and scroll mousewheel down Make everything on the page smaller
Ctrl+0 Return everything on the page to normal size

Text shortcuts

Highlight content, then press Ctrl+C Copy content to the clipboard
Place your cursor in a text field, then press Ctrl+V or Shift+Insert Paste current content from the clipboard
Place your cursor in a text field, then press Ctrl+Shift+V Paste current content from the clipboard without formatting
Highlight content in a text field, then press Ctrl+X or Shift+Delete Delete the content and copy it to the clipboard

Backspace, or press Alt and the left arrow together Go to the previous page in your browsing history for the tab
Shift+Backspace, or press Alt and the right arrow together Go to the next page in your browsing history for the tab
Ctrl+K or Ctrl+E Places a '?' in the address bar. Type a search term after the '?' to perform a search using your default search engine.
Place your cursor in the address bar, then press Ctrl and the left arrow together Jump to the previous word in the address bar
Place your cursor in the address bar, then press Ctrl and the right arrow together Jump to the next word in the address bar
Place your cursor in the address bar, then press Ctrl+Backspace Delete the previous word in the address bar
Space bar Scroll down the web page
Home Go to the top of the page
End Go to the bottom of the page
Press Shift and scroll mousewheel Scroll horizontally on the page

Google Chrome features: Incognito mode (private browsing)

For times when you want to browse in stealth mode, for example, to plan surprises like gifts or birthdays, Google Chrome offers the incognito browsing mode.

  • Webpages that you open and files downloaded while you are incognito aren't recorded in your browsing and download histories.
  • All new cookies are deleted after you close the incognito window.

Changes made to your Google Chrome bookmarks and general settings while in incognito mode are always saved.

Watch a video segment about incognito mode

This video segment is part of a longer video on how Google respects your privacy in Google Chrome. If you're short on time, just watch the segment that runs from 2:38 to 3:20.

Turn on incognito mode

Keyboard shortcut: Ctrl+Shift+N

To turn on the incognito mode, follow these steps:

  1. Click the wrench menu wrench menu.
  2. Select New incognito window.

A new window will open with the incognito icon incognito icon in the top left corner. You can continue browsing as normal in the other window. You can also right-click any link and select Open link in incognito window.

Browsing in incognito mode only keeps Google Chrome from storing information about the websites you've visited. The websites you visit may still have records of your visit. Any files saved to your computer will still remain on your computer.

For example, if you sign into your Google Account on while in incognito mode, your subsequent web searches are recorded in your Google Web History. In this case, to prevent your searches from being stored in your Google Account, you'll need to pause your Google Web History tracking.

Google Chrome features: New Tab page

See useful links when you open a new tab

Watch a short video about the New Tab page

When you open a new tab, Google Chrome preloads it with links to websites you visit the most, recently saved websites, recently closed tabs, and recently used search engines.

New Tab page

  • Most visited
    Up to nine image thumbnails of the websites you visit most are displayed. Click a website's thumbnail to open it, or right-click it to see options to open it in a new tab or in a new window.
  • Searches
    Search boxes for the search engines you use the most are available so you can use them directly from this page.
  • Recent bookmarks
    Up to nine recently created browser bookmarks are listed for easy access.
  • Recently closed
    Up to three tabs closed within the past five minutes are listed in case you accidentally closed a tab.

Remove thumbnails from the page

To remove thumbnails for specific sites displayed in the 'Most visited' section:

  1. Click the Remove thumbnails link below the thumbnails.
  2. Click the X icon to remove a site's thumbnail. It'll be replaced by another site that you frequently visit.
  3. Click Done.

To reset the entire Most Visited section to blank thumbnails, clear your browsing history.

Click + to open the New Tab page

To open the New Tab page, click the + icon next to the last tab at the top of your browser window. You can also use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+T to quickly open the page.

The New Tab page is set as your home page by default. Learn how to change your home page.

Explore Google Chrome features: Address bar

In Google Chrome, the address bar that sits at the top of the browser window (sometimes called the Omnibox) doubles as a search box. You can also use it to bookmark websites and see security information about your current webpage.

Here are all the ways you can use the address bar:

  • Search the Web

    Simply type your search term in the address bar and press Enter to see results from your default search engine. You can use common search booleans such as AND and OR. Learn how to do searches with your default search engine or with other site search engines.

    Watch a short video on using the address bar as a search box

  • Go to web addresses

    In addition to search terms, you can type in the web address of the website you're trying to reach, then press Enter. (If you accidentally typed in the wrong address, simply click the x icon at the end of the bar to stop the Google Chrome from loading the page.)

    address bar

  • See suggestions of related search terms and websites

    Whenever you type in the address bar, Google Chrome automatically searches your browsing history and shows you websites in your history that match what you've entered. The address bar can also automatically show you suggestions of related search terms and websites.


  • Create a bookmark

    If you come across an interesting webpage that you'd like to revisit at a later point, click the star icon star icon to create a bookmark. Learn more about adding bookmarks

    create bookmark

  • See the security status for the page you're on

    If Google Chrome detects that the site you're on will securely transmit data using SSL, you'll see the following signals:

    • The background color of the address bar changes to yellow.
    • The https portion of the URL appears in green.
    • A lock icon lock icon appears at the end of the address bar.

    If a SSL-secured connection can't be established, an alert icon alert icon appears at the end of the address bar. Click the icon to see more details.

other related info :

above info from Google Chrome